ACTUALITE EN HAITI

15 Avr

Haïti-post-séisme: la première dame d’Haïti s’engage pour l’éducation
HPN / Posté le 14 avril 2010

La Première dame d’Haïti a réitéré son engagement en faveur de l’éducation universelle en Haïti en montrant son intérêt pour la reprise des activités scolaires à Port-au-Prince.

Madame Elisabeth Préval qui a visité mercredi l’emplacement du collège George Marc où le chef de l’Etat avait achevé ses études secondaires, s’est dit particulièrement intéressée par le secteur de l’éducation dans la phase de reconstruction du pays.

« Je souhaite une amélioration de la qualité de l’éducation et je voudrais voir davantage d’enfants puissent avoir accès à l’école », a dit Elisabeth Delatour qui participe à des conférences avec l’université américaine George Washington.

Alors qu’elle visitait le chantier du collège George Marc détruit lors du tremblement de terre, Madame Préval a renouvelé son engagement en faveur des enfants.

« La priorité maintenant c’est l’assistance psychologique à donner aux enfants affectés par le séisme. C’est un problème ç gérer dans l’immédiat pour ne pas compromettre le potentiel de l’enfant et le futur de toute une génération », a-t-elle déclaré. « C’est urgent », a-t-elle ajouté.

Avec le programmes « Plas ti moune », la première dame d’Haïti a offert au lendemain du séisme un espace de récréation et d’encadrement à des centaines d’enfants dans deux centres à Port-au-Prince animés par des artistes, des musiciens et des psychologues.

Elisabeth Préval s’est par ailleurs félicitée des efforts consentis par le gouvernement et ses partenaires pour favoriser la reprise des acticités scolaires à Port-au-Prince.

 

Haiti able to hold poll by year-end: Bill Clinton

By Michelle Nichols / Reuters
Wednesday, April 14, 2010; 7:26 PM

NEW YORK (Reuters) – Earthquake-devastated Haiti should be able to hold elections by the end of the year, U.N. envoy Bill Clinton said on Wednesday, as the impoverished Caribbean nation works to have a legitimate government in place to oversee its multibillion dollar reconstruction.

The former U.S. president said Haiti would need help to stage its presidential election and already-delayed legislative elections as it rebuilds after the January 12 earthquake that killed up to 300,000 people and decimated the country’s economy and infrastructure.

Organizing new elections is set to be a major task, but they are crucial to put in place a new parliament that will be legally empowered to spend relief aid. International donors have pledged nearly $10 billion for Haiti’s reconstruction.

"They will be able to have them," Clinton told Reuters in an interview to promote this weekend’s Clinton Global Initiative University in Miami, a philanthropic summit for students. "I expect that will be one of the things we don’t have to worry about."

The World Bank, working with the Inter-American Development Bank and the United Nations, will supervise a multi-donor trust fund through which the billions of dollars in rebuilding funds will flow to the Haitian government.

U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has urged Haiti to make holding elections a top priority to ensure the legitimacy and stability of the country’s government.

The earthquake destroyed the offices of the Electoral Council, members of the U.N. mission working with the commission were killed and election materials were buried. Many of Haiti’s government offices were also severely damaged in the earthquake, further slowing recovery efforts.

"You’ve got a massive transient population there, many of whom had a lot of their documents and identity proofs destroyed, so we need a little help putting the elections together, but we will get some experts in there," Clinton said.

More than one million people were left homeless after the magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck the capital Port-au-Prince, and aid groups are racing against a looming hurricane and rainy season to ensure they have adequate shelter.

Haitian President Rene Preval has said he would not seek to extend his term in office beyond its scheduled end on February 11, 2011, and that he was confident legislative elections — originally scheduled for February 28 this year — could be organized in time to ensure an orderly transition.

Ninety-eight of the 99 seats in the legislature’s Chamber of Deputies were to be at stake in the February election, along with one-third of the 30-member Senate. The vote for the remaining lower house seat had been set for a later date.

Presidential elections had been set for November, but it is unclear whether that will happen on schedule.

"Preval is particularly intent on having the capacity to hold the presidential elections. He thinks that’s the symbolic thing that proves that Haiti’s still committed to the path of democracy," said Clinton.

"I have spent a lot of time with the parliamentary leaders … and they feel the same way," he said. "They want to see their country rebuilt, or built anew if you will, while strengthening democracy, not weakening it."

Clinton, who also oversaw rebuilding in Indonesia, India, Thailand, Sri Lanka and the Maldives after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, said Preval had already asked the United Nations for experts to advise Haiti on its elections.

 

La France apporte une contribution au budget d’Haïti
HPN / Posté le 14 avril 2010

Un accord sera signé ce jeudi entre la France et Haïti sur une subvention au gouvernement haïtien de plus de 5 millions d’euros d’aide budgétaire, a annoncé le service de presse de l’ambassade.

Les conventions seront signées par l’ambassadeur de France, M.Didier LE BRET , le Ministre de l’Economie et des Finances, M. Ronald BAUDIN et le Directeur de l’Agence Française de développement à Port-au-Prince, Monsieur Patrick SALLES.

Il s’agit d’un montant total de 5,5 millions d’euros promis par le président français Nicolas Sarkozy pour l’exercice budgétaire 2010/2011.

Les fonds seront versés en une tranche, sur un compte spécifique du Trésor haïtien à la Banque de la République d’Haïti (BRH) ouvert à cet effet. Sur ce montant, un million d’euros portera sur des dépenses concernant les semences agricoles et/ou les engrais.

Selon l’ambassade, cette première subvention sera mise à la disposition du gouvernement haïtien moins de deux mois après le voyage en Haïti du Président Nicolas Sarkozy.

Le montant total de l’aide budgétaire française sera de 40 millions d’Euros. 20 millions en 2010 avec un premier versement effectué de 5 millions, 15 autres millions dans les prochaines semaines, les 20 restants début 2011.

Les 500 000 euros serviront à financer en urgence la mise en place de modules préfabriqués pour assurer le bon fonctionnement de l’Hôpital Universitaire d’Etat d’Haïti (HUEH).

Ce premier versement s’inscrit dans le care d’un engagement de la France à la reconstruction et à la modernisation de l’HUEH.

 

Haïti–Urbanisme : Pétion-ville au bord de l’explosion urbaine
HPN / Posté le 14 avril 2010

Pétion-ville peut connaitre une explosion urbaine sans précédent, conséquence de la relocalisation de certaines activités économiques et services de la capitale vers cette commune, et la réoccupation des rues par les détaillants.

Pétion-ville est devenue le principal centre d’activité commerciale de la zone métropolitaine compte tenu de la quasi destruction des infrastructures à la capitale, particulièrement au centre-ville de Port-au-Prince, le cœur des activités économiques de l’aire métropolitaine avant le 12 janvier.

Dans cette petite ville située au sud-est de la capitale étaient déjà concentrées de grandes places de ventes et les activités du secteur des services. Elle voyait déjà augmenter considérablement sa population bien avant le séisme de janvier dernier.

Sa situation s’est aggravée après la catastrophe, car beaucoup de commerçants de Port-au-Prince ont pour la plupart relocalisé leurs salles d’expositions dans l’ancienne Coupe charbonnière. Cela entraine de nouvelles affluences, des personnes venant en grande partie de la zone métropolitaine, et engendre un embouteillage monstre. La circulation en devient plus difficile, plus dense, dans les rues de la commune tout au long de la journée. Se rendre à Pétion-ville devient aussi plus difficile : les passagers se battent désormais pour grimper à bord des minibus, soit à l’allée soit au retour.

Des petits détaillants ont eux aussi laissé la capitale pour s’installer dans les rues de Pétion-ville, venant grossir les rangs de ceux déjà sur place. Le principal marché publique de Pétion-ville, le Marché la Coupe, ayant subi d’importants dommages, n’est plus ouvert aux marchands. Ainsi les détaillants reprennent leur place entre les rues Lambert et Rigaud, sur les vestiges de l’ancien « Marché Chada ».

A cela s’ajoute le fait que des déplacés occupent encore certaines rues et empêchent du coup la circulation dans ces secteurs, comme au Delmas 103, et à la rue Pinchinat.

L’augmentation des activités économiques dans une ville est toujours accompagnée de l’accroissement de la population, l’intensification de la circulation dans les centres urbains. Elle transforme du coup la vie dans la cité.

 

US Congress calls for elimination of Haiti’s estimated $828M in international debts

By Jim Abrams (CP)

WASHINGTON — Congress is calling for the United States to take the lead in relieving earthquake-shattered Haiti of its debts to international institutions.

The House approved by voice vote Wednesday and sent to President Barack Obama legislation that instructs U.S. directors at the International Monetary Fund and other global development institutions to use their votes and influence to cancel Haiti’s debt.

Debt relief is one of several approaches to helping Haiti recover from the January earthquake that took an estimated 230,000 lives.

Congress is considering legislation that would provide some $2.8 billion in new aid and the United Nations recently hosted a donors’ conference where nearly 50 nations pledged about $9.9 billion in assistance.

The debt relief bill, passed earlier by the Senate, would urge the immediate and complete cancellation of all debt owed by Haiti to multinational institutions. It would also recommend that for the next five years aid to Haiti be provided as grants rather than loans.

"There are many of us who look at this earthquake as opportunity," said Rep. Maxine Waters, D-Calif., sponsor of the measure. "We believe that there is now a real commitment by the world community to come to the aid of Haiti."

The Treasury said that at the beginning of March Haiti owed $828 million to multilateral development institutions. Since then, the Inter-American Development Bank, which Treasury said was owed some $447 million, announced it would forgive all of Haiti’s debt and convert undisbursed loans to the country into grants.

The World Bank has said it is cancelling the remaining $38 million in debt as part of a World Bank Group package of $479 million being made available to support Haiti’s recovery and development. Since 2005 all World Bank aid to Haiti has been in grant form.

The International Monetary Fund said after the donors’ conference in New York that it was preparing a proposal to organize debt relief for Haiti’s total outstanding debt of $271 million.

 

Citizen Conversation With…Former Haitian Prime Minister Michele Pierre-Louis

by Matt Bieber, News Writer on April 14, 2010 in Citizen Conversation with…

Photo courtesy of Taylor Chapman, MPP'11
Photo courtesy of Taylor Chapman, MPP’11

Interview conducted by Matt Bieber, MPP’11

What kinds of contributions do you think that Kennedy School students and the Harvard community more generally can make to Haiti right now, both for the country’s recovery in the short term and for its development in the long term?

In the short term, I think it would be interesting to propose field studies to the students. We need skills, we need competence – that we don’t always have – and it would be important if students here, who are acquiring knowledge in different fields, can come, let’s say, during the summer or when they have a break and participate in some projects, whether it be in health, in education, in environment, in reconstruction – housing, or infrastructure. There are going to be a lot of opportunities and at the same time there is a lack of resources at home in all these different fields.

We, on our side in Haiti, have to work on the framework of the projects, so that when they come, they know that they are going to be of use…and there’s not going to be any waste.

In the long run, perhaps more structural projects can come along. Also what the university here could do that would be very interesting – because all the universities in Port-au-Prince, where there’s a concentration of higher ed buildings, have been destroyed – is to set up with universities in Haiti some kind of distance learning program, especially in the scientific fields where we have a large deficit.

Also, I know that it’s very difficult for US universities in general to raise funds for the reconstruction of physical buildings, but they can perhaps find grants that can help us to set up labs, computer labs, scientific labs, even if they are small. That can be extremely helpful to students in Haiti, whether in Port-au-Prince or in other parts of the country, because I also believe now is the time for decentralization.

And then, of course, the field studies – that can be helpful to us, but also to the university, for research or development of models that can eventually be applied in Haiti. The university will also be part of the reconstruction process.

Thank you. I’d like to return to that in a moment, but first, I’d like to step back a bit. As you know, the US and Haiti have a very complicated historical relationship. Do you feel like Americans have an accurate picture of that history? And if not, what would you like to share?

That’s a very good question, you know. While I’m here, I’m working on a keynote speech that I’m going to give at John Carter Brown Library at Brown University on May 7, and this is exactly what I’m working on. They wanted a more specific subject, so I chose the trade relationship between the US and Haiti which started even before independence – before the US independence and during Haiti’s colonial time.

I went back to my history books and I am learning a lot. It’s a fascinating history, really, because it started early in the 16th century, and it’s so complex. But I don’t want to say too much now, and will come back to your question.

I think there are too many clichés about Haiti, too many stereotypes, and there’s a need, first and foremost for us, Haitians, to explain more the complexity of our country, the paradox that we live in, and to project a better image of Haiti. To me, the US – I’m talking about the government now – has an unchanged image of the country. It’s as if the Haiti of the time the US occupied Haiti from 1915-1939 has not really evolved. The policies that were applied then are barely reviewed and re-adapted, but they hardly take into consideration the complexity of today’s world.

There is a need for us to better explain our situation, and find relays like the US universities to convey the truth about the country. That will help to better explain the role the US can play in trying to help us come out of today’s catastrophic situation.

A lot of aid flowed into Haiti in the wake of the earthquake. Some observers are concerned what while lots of aid is focused on immediate humanitarian needs, not enough has been earmarked for long term or structural development and government capacity-building. Is the aid going to the right places? And if not, where should it be going?

When you look at a post-disaster situation, there is first the relief effort, the relief phase. You have to bring food, water, medicine to help the survivors. Today, it’s dramatic. We have one million people in the streets. They’ve lost everything they had. The relief effort is an important phase, but it is taking too long.

There are a lot of complaints on the part of the Haitian people. It’s not so much because there is not enough supply; it’s because the distribution is not coordinated, not properly coordinated. That’s also the responsibility of Haitians and that of the Haitian government. But the government seemed to have been in such a state of shock that it did not show any capacity to respond to the population’s needs at that particular time.

We had to take care of the dead; it’s true. We had to mourn our dead. We still have to go through the grieving process. But at the same time, we have to continue to save lives. And I think the lack of coordination is probably one factor that was most visible at the time.

Now, your question also had a very important aspect. Haiti will not develop with humanitarian aid. Haiti will develop with investment – investments that create jobs, jobs in the formal sector. And that’s not the type of jobs that are created now. Because there is so much to do after a disaster of such magnitude, the jobs being created are temporary – which is good in terms of giving people revenues right away so that they can get by – but at the same time they are not durable, sustainable in the long run. On the other hand, there has to be some coherence between what is being done for immediate relief and the long-term reconstruction process.

The long term has to do with investment – public and private investments, in infrastructure, in ports, in airports, housing, water, electricity, agribusiness etc. We have 1,800 kilometers of coast and we only have three ports. Look at what is happening now. The port of Port-au-Prince collapsed and there is only one international airport, with one runway, no taxi ways. That’s why the 82nd US Airborne came in and said, “Hey, there is going to be a disaster”. They took command. Within hours, we passed from having 10-12 flights a day to a hundred. And we were not at all ready to have that type of air traffic.

The German Public Policy Institute has argued that much of the perception that has shaped the international response has underestimated Haiti’s government capacity that was already in place – that there’s this oversimplified notion of Haiti as a failed state.

It is probably true, but we still have to reinforce the institutions. The government role is essential but we have to build local capacities. It can only be done through our acceptance of technical support, of technical assistance. It’s true for the justice system. It is true for the public works system, the education and health system.

So we should be open. That’s also one area where the Haitian-American students can be very helpful. They can have internships in the ministries and be helpful in different areas. We need to review some of our policies. It’s true. But sometimes, we have very good policies and have no way to implement them because we don’t have the administrators who are competent enough, that have the skills to implement those policies.

Women and girls remain deeply vulnerable in the wake of the earthquake. What can the government, NGOs, or other organizations do to ensure their safety, particularly against the threat of rape in tent cities and elsewhere?

There have been a lot of rapes in the camps and they’ve been recorded even by institutions like CARE. Four major women’s organizations have created a forum mostly for advocacy on violence against women. They have also created a clinic for women victims of rape, sexual harassment and other types of violence where they are given medical and psychological care. In that process, they also document the cases so that they can eventually bring the cases to court.

The forum’s advocacy campaign convinced the Haitian Parliament to adopt two new laws: one on adultery – because it was very discriminatory against women – so there’s more equity towards women; and then the law on rape, because rape was not a crime in Haiti. The women’s organizations have been working a lot since the earthquake, going to camps, registering the cases, and also helping with the psychologists they have working for them. These women’s groups are doing a very good job, and they try to work as closely as possible with the Ministry of Women’s Rights, so that the government is engaged also in that process.

Haiti’s a deeply religious country. Can you talk a little about the role that faith institutions and faith traditions have played in Haitians’ response to the earthquake?

I think the churches were really hit hard by the earthquake. Usually in a situation like this, the voice of the Catholic Church, the Methodist Church or the Episcopalian Church would have been heard right after, because they have a huge constituency in the country and have played, and continue to play such an important role in Haiti. Lots of people are wondering why they remained so silent.

The Catholic Church has paid a high price. The cathedral and practically all the churches in the capital have been destroyed. The archbishop died under the rubble. Lots of priests and an incredible number of nuns and parishioners died when the churches collapsed. So it’s a huge, huge disaster to the Catholic Church. Moreover, a lot of Catholic schools also collapsed and many students died in those schools.

I had at least three meetings with the Nuncio, the diplomatic representative of the Vatican, since the earthquake and the last one was with the Cardinal of Boston who was visiting Haiti a few weeks ago. The Catholic Church says that its priority is to rebuild the Catholic schools. But at the same time, they need to know what the government’s reconstruction plan is. Now, the Episcopalians also lost a lot. They had a beautiful cathedral with murals from the most prominent Haitian painters, as well as a school for the handicapped and a music school, all of which collapsed.

All this said, people are praying a lot, in the streets, in the public places, on the rubbles, you can hear the prayers, the chants, and the cries sometimes. They also go to the Vodou temples. Some [commentators] from some Protestant sects have tried to imply that Haiti and Haitians are paying for their wrongdoings. But of course, that has nothing to do with reality. In fact, a lot of us were upset with this kind of interpretation of a natural phenomenon and with this idea of blaming the victim.

Thank you very much for your time.

Thank you to you. I hope it was useful.

 

 Foule et bouscualde dans les stations d’essence
HPN / Posté le 14 avril 2010

Les produits pétroliers manquent toujours dnas les station-service où les Haïtiens continuent de faire la queue sous un chaud soleil.

Beaucoup de stations sont fermées et d’autres vendent au compte-gouttes des produits en rupture de stock depuis le commencement de la semaine.

La rareté de l’essence a provoqué de longs embouteillages dans les rues dela ville où le transport fonctionne au ralenti.

Les chauffeurs publics sont au bord de l’énervement. "la rareté n’est pas réelle, les pompistes veulent faire du marché noir", accusent certains.

D’autres estiment que les dirigeants n’avaient pas pris les mesures nécessaires pour importe les produits.

 

La première tablette de chocolat Haïtien sort à Meudon

Communiqués

La première tablette de chocolat Haïtien sort à Meudon

Vendredi 16 avril, la première tablette fabriquée à partir de chocolat haïtien est mise en vente par la chocolaterie « Les chocolats de Bellevue » à Meudon. Cette première tablette est l’aboutissement d’un processus initié il y a un an par le Conseil général des Hauts-de-Seine en partenariat avec l’ONG Agronomes et Vétérinaires Sans Frontières.
Christophe BERTRAND, chocolatier à Meudon, met en vente cette semaine des tablettes façonnées à partir de
chocolat de couverture en provenance d’Haïti. La chocolaterie « Les chocolats de Bellevue » s’est associée dès le départ à la mobilisation des artisans chocolatiers des Hauts-de-Seine lancée en octobre 2009 par Jean-Paul DOVA, vice-président du Conseil général en charge des relations internationales, Daniel GOUPILLAT, président de la Chambre de Métiers et de l’Artisanat des Hauts-de-Seine, et Michel COTTET de Via Chocolat, un collectif de chocolatiers, pour que ces artisans réservent la meilleure place dans leurs achats au cacao Haïtien.
Une qualité irréprochable pour des débouchés croissants
En aidant des producteurs de cacao de la Région Nord d’Haïti, le Conseil général des Hautsde- Seine vise, dans le cadre de la politique de lutte contre la malnutrition et l’extrême pauvreté votée en avril 2008, à subvenir à leurs besoins essentiels et à les accompagner dans l’amélioration de leur production. En facilitant ainsi les débouchés pour ce produit, son action concourt à donner à ces populations pauvres la garantie de revenus futurs.
Contribuer à des plantations de qualité, donner les meilleurs conseils aux producteurs dans le traitement des fèves de cacao tout au long des étapes de cette filière, font partie des objectifs du Conseil général. Le résultat : la chocolaterie « Les chocolat de Bellevue » propose un chocolat puissant, à 75 % avec un véritable caractère, un gout de café ou de torréfaction très présent en attaque et une longueur en bouche. Un an après le lancement de cette action les résultats sont particulièrement satisfaisants.
Outre la commercialisation de tablette de chocolat par la chocolaterie Bellevue à Meudon, plusieurs actions sont en cours qui permettront d’offrir de réels débouchés au chocolat haïtien.
Ethicable, entreprise du commerce équitable au niveau national, a déjà acheté une dizaine de tonnes de pâte de cacao issue de la production Haïtienne soutenue par le Conseil général. Par ailleurs M. Delchet, transformateur implanté au PECQ (Yvelines), vient de recevoir sa première commande passée aux mêmes producteurs (2,5 tonnes). C’est une phase test pour ce transformateur qui veut participer à l’élaboration du meilleur produit haïtien. Une rencontre est prévue avec des représentants des producteurs haïtiens en déplacement en France au mois de mai.

Chocolaterie « Les chocolats de Bellevue »
10 rue Pierre Wacquant à Meudon
Conseil général des Hauts-de-Seine

 

“Nunca se perdonó a Haití que fuera el primero en abolir la esclavitud”

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Enrique Fuertes impartió una charla en Haití.

Enrique Fuertes impartió una charla en Haití. | MIGUEL GARCÍA

Charla de Enrique Fuertes en el Ramón y Cajal

Sara CIRIA / 15/04/2010

HUESCA.- Las jornadas culturales del Instituto Ramón y Cajal de Huesca, dedicadas al doscientos aniversario de la independencia latinoamericana, tienen una importante vertiente solidaria. La recaudación de la venta de "Recetas del mundo" y la entrada del Festival Latinoamericano del próximo 21 de abril se dedicará a la Escuela Buen Samaritano, en el barrio Cité Soleil de Puerto Príncipe. La asociación Huauquipura, junto a Yuca, Asociación Solidaridad, trabajan en la reconstrucción del centro escolar haitiano.

Enrique Fuertes, responsable de codesarrollo de Huauquipura, charló ayer con alumnos de primero y segundo de ESO sobre desigualdades y catástrofes naturales en Haití y República Dominicana. "Huauquipura" significa "fraternidad" en lengua quechua y pone nombre a una entidad aragonesa que lleva veinte años trabajando en cooperación al desarrollo. En Ecuador, República Dominicana, Togo, Costa de Marfil y Senegal están algunos de sus objetivos. Sin descuidar la atención a emergencias, abogan por una acción continuada. "Pensamos que la cooperación es algo que se debe tomar su tiempo. Tienen que ser programas de desarrollo y no solo cosas puntuales, sino trabajar seriamente en desarrollo integral".

La Escuela El Buen Samaritano, uno de sus proyectos en Haití, fue derruída por el terremoto que asoló hace tres meses el país. Su patio alberga ahora tiendas de campaña de mil residentes de la zona que se quedaron sin hogar. "La idea es apoyar la actividad de primeros auxilios y alimentar a estas personas. En un segundo momento se reconstruirá la escuelita", explicó el cooperante, que elogió la motivación y "ganas de apoyar" de los estudiantes.

Fuertes compartió con los jóvenes algunos aspectos de la "significativa y curiosa" historia de Haití. "En muchas cosas fueron los primeros, como en independizarse en Latinoamérica o en abolir la esclavitud y otras muchas cosas. Siempre ha sido un país con mucha capacidad de dominio sobre su propio destino, a no ser por las muchas injerencias exteriores, no solo terremotos, sino países europeos y Estados Unidos. También han tenido problemas con su vecino, República Dominicana". Fuertes considera que "nunca se le perdonó que aboliera la esclavitud, y tuvo una deuda externa que se mantiene hasta la actualidad". La charla dejó patente el contrasentido de que Haití atesora una gran historia y es a la vez el país más pobre de Latinoamérica. El ponente destacó que "la población haitiana es muy valiente, pero han sufrido muchas adversidades y es difícil que puedan salir adelante".

Quiso dejar claro además que "no son pobres porque quieren, o porque no quieran apostar por su país, sino todo lo contrario". Huauquipura dispone de una cuenta en Ibercaja para los que quieran colaborar con el proyecto en Haití. Es la 20850169170283677.

 

Atribuyen a problemas en refinería venezolana la escasez de combustible en Haití

Varias estaciones de venta de gasolina en Puerto Príncipe tuvieron que cerrar debido a la escasez del producto. En círculos cercanos a los distribuidores se afirma que las fallas en el suministro tendrían relación con problemas en una refinería de Pdvsa, la cual suministra el producto al país centroamericano

14 de abril 2010 | 09:14 pm – EFE

Perforación de pozo de petróleo | AFP

Varias estaciones de venta de combustibles tuvieron que cerrar este miércoles en Puerto Príncipe, debido a la escasez del producto, que obligó al Gobierno haitiano a fijar en 25 dólares la suma tope de carburante que puede adquirir un consumidor.
Frente a varias estaciones se formaron largas filas de vehículos y personas con recipientes en las manos y que se posicionaron a pesar de que las estaciones no funcionaban.
En estaciones de Delmas (sector norte de la capital), algunas personas dijeron a periodistas que llegaron desde las cinco de la mañana para tratar de lograr "un buen sitio" para adquirir el producto.
En Frères (este), transportistas públicos dejaron sus vehículos estacionados cerca de las bombas desde anoche.
Mientras que en las estaciones que aún siguen vendiendo combustibles en la capital y sus periferias se observó una gran cantidad de vehículos.
Un conductor explicó a Efe que, debido a la congestión, tuvo que atravesar varias calles de Pétion-Ville (periferia este) para abandonar la zona llamada "Ti Saint Pierre" donde una bomba estaba distribuyendo combustible a una gran cantidad de personas.
El Gobierno decidió fijar ayer en 25 dólares la cantidad de combustible que pueden vender las bombas a cada consumidor, según indicó la Asociación de Distribuidores de Productos Petróleos (Anadip).
Según la entidad, se tomó la medida para evitar que se agote la cantidad de combustible disponible en el país, hasta que llegue una nueva entrega.
El presidente de la Anadip, Randolph Rameau, explicó a los medios de comunicación que un barco cargado con petróleo, que debió llegar a la capital haitiana el domingo pasado, finalmente arribará entre el 18 y el 20 de abril al país caribeño, afectado el pasado 12 de enero por un sismo de 7 grados en la escala de Richter.
El Gobierno confirmó este miércoles que la situación no se normalizará hasta el 18 de abril cuando llegará un barco con 120.000 barriles de combustibles desde la isla caribeña de Antigua.
Según un comunicado conjunto del Ministerio de Economía y Finanzas y el de Comercio e Industria, el retraso se debió a "un incidente" que se produjo en el puerto de embarque.
Ambas carteras aseguraron que para este mes también está prevista la llegada de 200.000 barriles y para mayo 222.000.
Mientras tanto, algunas compañías de distribución fueron autorizadas a recibir combustible por vías terrestres desde República Dominicana, indicaron las entidades.
Dichas empresas, sin embargo, tuvieron que limitar el suministro a las estaciones de distribución.
El Gobierno recomendó no realizar "retención inútil" de carburante, al tiempo que aseguró que "el mercado será suministrado normalmente".
En los círculos cercanos a los distribuidores se afirma que la escasez en el suministro podría tener relación con problemas en una refinería de la compañía Petróleos de Venezuela S.A (PDVSA), la cual suministra el producto a Haití.
La venta de combustibles de Venezuela a Haití se realiza en el marco del acuerdo Petrocaribe, que permite a este último país comprar a precios preferenciales.
Los proveedores favorecen la compra de los derivados del petróleo en otros mercados para permitir conjurar la carencia del insumo.
En Haití, el producto considerado estratégico, es regulado por el Estado, que decide dónde comprarlo y a qué precio venderlo.

 

 

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